In my single player coast map, I made a huge garden just because I could. Also found out which plants grew the fastest too. Also good for starting a new game.
Fastest to slowest harvest:
1. Sugar Beets and lettuce (fast)
4. Broccoli, potato, pumpkin, strawberry (also cotton)
5. Corn and tomato....same time apples reproduce on a mature tree. (super slow)
Chili peppers and Hemp, no have clue on growing speeds. Found them after everything was done growing. Have not done speed for fruit trees.
Palm looks to be the fastest.
Birch I also like using.
Trees for most wood...
Spruce 5 to 6
Others gives 5
fruit trees gives 4